The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has re-issued an initiative to support "time-sensitive" ancillary studies related to heart, lung, and blood diseases and sleep disorders in conjunction with ongoing clinical trials and other large clinical studies (large epidemiological cohorts).

Each ancillary study application must be well-coupled to the NHLBI mission and must demonstrate the time-sensitive nature of the proposal, explicitly addressing why an expedited review is essential to its feasibility. This funding opportunity announcement (FOA) will utilize the NIH Research Project Grant (R01) mechanism. The NHLBI intends to commit approximately $4.8 million in FY 2011 to fund up to 12 new grants under this FOA.

Application due dates are May 28, 2010; Sept. 30, 2010; and Jan. 28, 2011. Read the complete FOA on the NIH Web site.