Numerous studies published in 2015 provided new insights that promoted a better understanding of sleep, sleep disorders and circadian rhythms. Research published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine and the journal SLEEP captured the attention of the scientific and medical communities, as well as the media and the general public.
The following papers published in 2015 received the most pageviews on the website of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, which is published by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine:
1. Retrospective Assessment of Home Ventilation to Reduce Rehospitalization in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Coughlin S, Liang WE, Parthasarathy S
A multifaceted intervention that involved initiation of nocturnal advanced PAP (NIPPV) modality, RT-led respiratory care, medication reconciliation, appropriate oxygen therapy initiation, and patient education led to significant reduction in rehospitalization.
2. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Snoring with Oral Appliance Therapy: An Update for 2015
Ramar K, Dort LC, Katz SG, Lettieri CJ, Harrod CG, Thomas SM, Chervin RD
The AASM and AADSM expect these guidelines to have a positive impact on professional behavior, patient outcomes, and, possibly, health care costs.
3. Measurement of Quality to Improve Care in Sleep Medicine
Morgenthaler TI, Aronsky AJ, Carden KA, Chervin RD, Thomas SM, Watson NF
This paper describes the rationale, background, general methods development, and considerations in implementation for the sleep disorder quality measures commissioned by the AASM.
4. All APAPs Are Not Equivalent for the Treatment of Sleep Disordered Breathing: A Bench Evaluation of Eleven Commercially Available Devices
Zhu K, Roisman G, Aouf S, Escourrou P
Large differences between APAP devices in the treatment efficacy and the accuracy of report were evidenced in the current study.
5. Depressive Symptoms before and after Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Men and Women
Edwards C, Mukherjee S, Simpson L, Palmer LJ, Almeida OP, Hillman DR
Depressive symptoms are common in OSA and related to its severity. They improve markedly with CPAP, implying a relationship to untreated OSA.
The following papers published in 2015 received the most pageviews on the website of the journal SLEEP, which is published by the Associated Professional Sleep Societies LLC (APSS), a joint venture of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) and the Sleep Research Society (SRS):
1. Behaviorally Assessed Sleep and Susceptibility to the Common Cold
Prather AA, Janicki-Deverts D, Hall MH, Cohen S
Shorter sleep duration, measured behaviorally using actigraphy prior to viral exposure, was associated with increased susceptibility to the common cold.
2. Treating Acute Insomnia: A Randomized Controlled Trial of a “Single-Shot” of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia
Ellis JG, Cushing T, Germain A
This single session of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is sufficiently efficacious for a significant proportion of those with acute insomnia.
3. Evidence for a Possible Link between Bedtime and Change in Body Mass Index
Asarnow LD, McGlinchey E, Harvey AG
The results highlight bedtimes as a potential target for weight management during adolescence and during the transition to adulthood.
4. Recommended Amount of Sleep for a Healthy Adult: A Joint Consensus Statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society
Watson NF, Badr MS, Belenky G, Bliwise DL, Buxton OM, Buysse D, Dinges DF, Gangwisch J, Grandner MA, Kushida C, Malhotra RK, Martin JL, Patel SR, Quan SF, Tasali E
Adults should sleep 7 or more hours per night on a regular basis to promote optimal health.
5. Bedtime Routines for Young Children: A Dose-Dependent Association with Sleep Outcomes
Mindell JA, Li AM, Sadeh A, Kwon R, Goh DY
These results indicate that having a regular nightly bedtime routine is associated with improved sleep in young children, and suggests that the more consistently a bedtime routine is instituted and the younger started the better.